USDA Texas Hay 02/23 08:55
Amarillo, TX Fri, Feb 23, 2018 USDA Market News
Weekly Texas Hay Report
Compared to last report: Alfalfa sold 5.00 to 10.00 higher; other hay
classes remained steady on limited sales. Demand remains good as supply
is scarce which is driving the increase on top quality hay. A lot of hay
left on the market is good quality at best or last years crop as the
wait for new crop begins. The Panhandle remains dry but the opposite
problem in North and South Texas as heavy rains have made hay movement
difficult. Supplemental feeding in those areas has slowed down. Prices
for hay and pellets quoted per ton except where noted.
The Texas Department of Agriculture has Hay and Grazing Hot Line set
up for Buyers and sellers looking for hay or grazing; the number is 1-
877-429-1998. The website for the hotline is:
Alfalfa: Large Squares: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 220.00-250.00;
Good to Premium 190.00-220.00.
Large Rounds (1200 lbs): Delivered: Premium to Supreme 90.00
Small Bales: Delivered: Premium 321.75, 9.75 per bale.
Ground Alfalfa: Delivered to feedlots: 175.00-185.00.
Coastal Bermuda: Large Rounds: Delivered: Good to Premium 160.00-
180.00, 80.00-90.00 per bale.
Hay Grazer: Medium Bales: Delivered: 35.00 per bale.
Ground and Delivered: 125.00-135.00.
Wheat Hay: Large Bales: Delivered: 135.00-145.00.
Wheat Straw: Small Bales: Delivered: 4.75 per bale.
Cotton Burrs: Delivered: 35.00-52.00.
Far West Texas/Trans Pecos:
Alfalfa: Small Squares: Delivered local or FOB: Premium to Supreme
260.00-330.00, 8.00-10.00 per bale.
Large Squares: FOB: Premium to Supreme 240.00; Good to
North, Central, and East Texas:
Alfalfa: Large Squares: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 240.00-260.00;
Good to Premium 230.00-240.00.
Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium 231.00-297.00,
7.00-9.00 per bale; Fair to Good 198.00, 6.00
Large Rounds: FOB: Good to Premium 100.00-120.00, 50.00-60.00
per roll; Fair to Good 60.00-100.00, 30.00-50.00 per roll.
Prairie Hay: Large Bales: Delivered: 100.00.
Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium 231.00-265.00,
7.00-8.00 per bale; Fair to Good 165.00-198.00, 5.00-6.00 per
Large Rounds: FOB and delivered locally: Good to Premium
100.00-120.00, 50.00-60.00 per roll; Fair to Good 50.00-
100.00, 25.00-50.00 per roll.
Grass Mix: Large Rounds: FOB: 80.00; 40.00 per roll.
Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
than 10% grass)
Quality ADF NDF *RFV **TDN-100% **TDN-90% CP
Supreme <27 <34 >185 >62 >55.9 >22
Premium 27-29 34-36 170-185 60.5-62 54.5-55.9 20-22
Good 29-32 36-40 150-170 58-60 52.5-54.5 18-20
Fair 32-35 40-44 130-150 56-58 50.5-52.5 16-18
Utility >35 >44 <130 <56 <50.5 <16
*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula. Quantitative factors are
approximate, and many factors can affect feeding value. Values based on
100% dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 90%). Guidelines are to be used
with visual appearance and intent of sale (usage).
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines
Quality Crude Protein Percent
Premium Over 13
Utility Under 5
Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding
value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence hay
price or value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designation's physical descriptions:
Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra
leafy. Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. Hay is
excellent color and free of damage.
Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of a high
nutritive content. Hay is green and free of damage.
Good: Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed, free of
damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair: Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in grass
hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally coarse stemmed. Hay
may show light damage.
Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in
legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy weed
content or mold. Defects will be identified in market reports when using
Source: USDA Market News Service, Amarillo, TX
Lana Hutto, Market Reporter 806-356-5785
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