USDA Texas Hay 05/18 09:00
Amarillo, TX Fri, May 18, 2018 USDA Market News
Weekly Texas Hay Report
Compared to last report: Most hay classes traded steady to firm as
new crop prices trickled onto the market. A few new crop wheat prices
have begun to be established as buyers scramble to find hay. A variety
of hay or feed rations this time of year has helped keep feed yards and
dairies costs down. Most of the state is in need of rain. Coastal
Bermuda producers in the East and South have been delayed cutting waiting
on a rain as they have reported grass is short for now. Prices for hay
and pellets quoted per ton except where noted.
The Texas Department of Agriculture has Hay and Grazing Hot Line set
up for Buyers and sellers looking for hay or grazing; the number is 1-
877-429-1998. The website for the hotline is:
Alfalfa: Large Squares: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 240.00-270.00;
Good to Premium 210.00-240.00.
Small Bales: Delivered: Premium 321.75, 9.75 per bale.
Ground Alfalfa: Delivered to feedlots: 170.00-190.00; calf 190.00-
Wheat Hay: Large Bales: Delivered: 150.00-175.00.
Wheat Straw: Large Bales: Delivered: 95.00.
Small Bales: Delivered: 4.75 per bale.
Corn Stalks: Ground and Delivered: 95.00-105.00.
Cotton Burrs: Ground and Delivered: 60.00-70.00.
Far West Texas/Trans Pecos:
Alfalfa: Small Squares: Delivered local or FOB: Premium to Supreme
290.00, 8.75 per bale.
Large Squares: FOB: Premium to Supreme 240.00-260.00; Good to
Wheat: Large Bales: FOB: 200.00.
Triticale: Large Bales: FOB: 190.00.
North, Central, and East Texas:
Alfalfa: Large Squares: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 260.00-275.00;
Good to Premium 240.00-260.00.
Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium 231.00-297.00,
7.00-9.00 per bale; Fair to Good 198.00, 6.00
Large Rounds: FOB: Good to Premium 100.00-120.00, 50.00-60.00
per roll; Fair to Good 80.00-100.00, 40.00-50.00 per roll.
Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium 231.00-265.00,
7.00-8.00 per bale; Fair to Good 165.00-198.00, 5.00-6.00 per
Large Rounds: FOB and delivered locally: Good to Premium
100.00-140.00, 50.00-70.00 per roll.
Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
than 10% grass)
Quality ADF NDF *RFV **TDN-100% **TDN-90% CP
Supreme <27 <34 >185 >62 >55.9 >22
Premium 27-29 34-36 170-185 60.5-62 54.5-55.9 20-22
Good 29-32 36-40 150-170 58-60 52.5-54.5 18-20
Fair 32-35 40-44 130-150 56-58 50.5-52.5 16-18
Utility >35 >44 <130 <56 <50.5 <16
*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula. Quantitative factors are
approximate, and many factors can affect feeding value. Values based on
100% dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 90%). Guidelines are to be used
with visual appearance and intent of sale (usage).
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines
Quality Crude Protein Percent
Premium Over 13
Utility Under 5
Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding
value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence hay
price or value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designation's physical descriptions:
Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra
leafy. Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. Hay is
excellent color and free of damage.
Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of a high
nutritive content. Hay is green and free of damage.
Good: Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed, free of
damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair: Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in grass
hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally coarse stemmed. Hay
may show light damage.
Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in
legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy weed
content or mold. Defects will be identified in market reports when using
Source: USDA Market News Service, Amarillo, TX
Lana Hutto, Market Reporter 806-356-5785
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