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USDA Texas Hay                                     05/18 09:00
Amarillo, TX       Fri, May 18, 2018    USDA Market News

Weekly Texas Hay Report 

   Compared to last report:  Most hay classes traded steady to firm as 
new crop prices trickled onto the market.  A few new crop wheat prices 
have begun to be established as buyers scramble to find hay.  A variety 
of hay or feed rations this time of year has helped keep feed yards and 
dairies costs down.  Most of the state is in need of rain.  Coastal 
Bermuda producers in the East and South have been delayed cutting waiting 
on a rain as they have reported grass is short for now.  Prices for hay 
and pellets quoted per ton except where noted.

   The Texas Department of Agriculture has Hay and Grazing Hot Line set 
up for Buyers and sellers looking for hay or grazing; the number is 1-
877-429-1998. The website for the hotline is:

Panhandle/High Plains:
   Alfalfa: Large Squares: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 240.00-270.00; 
 Good to Premium 210.00-240.00.
 Small Bales: Delivered: Premium 321.75, 9.75 per bale. 
   Ground Alfalfa: Delivered to feedlots: 170.00-190.00; calf 190.00-
   Wheat Hay: Large Bales: Delivered: 150.00-175.00.
   Wheat Straw: Large Bales: Delivered: 95.00.
 Small Bales: Delivered: 4.75 per bale.
   Corn Stalks: Ground and Delivered: 95.00-105.00.
   Cotton Burrs: Ground and Delivered: 60.00-70.00.
Far West Texas/Trans Pecos: 
   Alfalfa: Small Squares: Delivered local or FOB: Premium to Supreme
     290.00, 8.75 per bale.
 Large Squares: FOB: Premium to Supreme 240.00-260.00; Good to
Premium 200.00-240.00.
   Wheat: Large Bales: FOB: 200.00.
   Triticale: Large Bales: FOB: 190.00.

North, Central, and East Texas:
   Alfalfa: Large Squares: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 260.00-275.00;    
Good to Premium 240.00-260.00.                           
   Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium 231.00-297.00, 
7.00-9.00 per bale; Fair to Good 198.00, 6.00 
per bale.
   Large Rounds: FOB: Good to Premium 100.00-120.00, 50.00-60.00 
per roll; Fair to Good 80.00-100.00, 40.00-50.00 per roll.
South Texas:
   Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium 231.00-265.00, 
7.00-8.00 per bale; Fair to Good 165.00-198.00, 5.00-6.00 per 
 Large Rounds: FOB and delivered locally: Good to Premium 
100.00-140.00, 50.00-70.00 per roll. 
   Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more 
than 10% grass)
Quality       ADF     NDF     *RFV     **TDN-100%     **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme       <27     <34     >185        >62           >55.9      >22
Premium      27-29   34-36   170-185    60.5-62       54.5-55.9   20-22
Good         29-32   36-40   150-170      58-60       52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair         32-35   40-44   130-150      56-58       50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility       >35     >44     <130         <56          <50.5      <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula. 
**TDN calculated using the western formula.  Quantitative factors are 
approximate, and many factors can affect feeding value. Values based on 
100% dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 90%).  Guidelines are to be used 
with visual appearance and intent of sale (usage).

  Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium             Over 13
Good                 9-13
Fair                 5-9
Utility             Under 5

Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding 
value.  Values based on 100% dry matter.  End usage may influence hay 
price or value more than testing results. 

Hay Quality Designation's physical descriptions: 
   Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
leafy. Factors indicative of very high nutritive content.  Hay is 
excellent color and free of damage.
   Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in 
grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of a high 
nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.  
   Good: Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes 
and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed, free of 
damage other than slight discoloration. 
   Fair: Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in grass 
hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally coarse stemmed. Hay 
may show light damage. 
   Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed.  This category 
could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy weed 
content or mold.  Defects will be identified in market reports when using 
this category.

Source:  USDA Market News Service, Amarillo, TX
         Lana Hutto, Market Reporter 806-356-5785 
0915c     ldh

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