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USDA Montana Hay                                   12/07 17:00
Billings, MT      Fri December 07, 2018    USDA Market News

Weekly Montana Hay Report

Compared to last week: Alfalfa hay sold fully steady. Demand 
continues to be mostly light to moderate on heavy offerings.
Open pasture and range land continues to curb demand for hay
as many ranchers havent started to feed yet or are just starting.
Out of state sales continue to make up many of the large volume
purchases this week. Drought conditions continue to spread across
much of the far western states as Oregon, Idaho and Washington are
all showing moderate drought conditions. Oregon, as of the latest 
release of the drought monitor has 34% of the state in extreme
drought. Montana by contrast has only 1% of the state in moderate
drought and 92% of the state is showing no signs of drought. All 
prices are dollars per ton and FOB unless otherwise noted.

Alfalfa:   Supreme:  Small squares, 200.00-250.00
                     Large squares, 150.00 
           Premium:  Large squares, NA    
                     Large rounds,  NA
                     Small squares, 200.00
           Good:     Large squares, 120.00-140.00   
                     Large rounds,  110.00-130.00
                     Small squares, NA
         Fair/Good:  Large squares, 90.00-120.00
                     Large rounds,  80.00-105.00
                     Small Squares, 125.00-140.00
           Utility   Large rounds,  75.00-80.00
                     Large squares, 70.00-100.00

Alfalfa:   Premium:  Small squares, NA
           Good:     Large rounds,  NA   
                     Small squares, 180.00
                     Large squares, 125.00
           Fair:     Large squares, 110.00-115.00
                     Large rounds,  105.00-110.00
                     Small squares, 120.00-130.00
           Utility:  Large squares, 70.00-90.00

Grass:     Premium   Large rounds,  NA
                     Small squares, 200.00
           Good:     Small squares, 185.00
                     Large rounds,  120.00
           Fair:     Large squares, 125.00
                     Large rounds,  100.00-110.00
                     Small squares, 130.00
           Utility:  Large rounds,  80.00
                     Large squares, NA
                     Small squares, 130.00           

Grass:     Premium:  Small squares, 225.00-240.00
           Premium:  Large rounds,  NA
           Good:     Large rounds,  NA
                     Small squares, 160.00-180.00

Barley                Large squares, 40.00-50.00
straw:                Large rounds,  40.00-50.00
                      Small squares, NA

Wheat straw:

South central        Large squares, 35.00-40.00
                     Large rounds,  NA
Northern             Large squares, 35.00-40.00
                     Large rounds,  NA

Alfalfa guidelines (domestic livestock use and not more than 10 pct grass)
Quality     ADF     NDF      RFV    TDN-100pct   TDN-90pct     CP-100pct
Supreme     <27     <34     >185      >62         >55.9          >22
Premium    27-29   34-36   170-185   60.5-62     54.5-55.9      20-22
Good       29-32   36-40   150-170    58-60      52.5-54.5      18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44   130-150    56-58      50.5-52.5      16-18
Utility     >35     >44     <130      <56         <50.5          <16

   RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.  TDN calculated using the western 
formula.  Quantitative factors are approximate and many factors can affect 
feeding value.  Values based on 100pct dry matter.

Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding 
Values based on 100% dry matter.  End usage may influence hay price or value 
more than testing results.
   Grass Hay guidelines
Quality    Crude Protein Percent
Premium          Over 13
Good               9-13
Fair               5- 9
Utility          Under 5

Source:  USDA Market News Service, Billings, MT
         John Kimbrell, Officer in Charge

1530m    jdk

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