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USDA Montana Hay                                   02/23 16:50
Billings, MT    Fri February 23, 2018    USDA Market News

Weekly Montana Hay Report

Compared to last week:  Hay prices sold mostly 10.00-15.00
higher. Demand for Alfalfa is very good on light supplies 
overall. Available hay supplies in Eastern Montana are near 
or at zero. This has pressured the hay market across the state 
as supplies dwindle. Additionally, ranchers across the state 
are feeding hay at an alarming rate as temperatures are 5-30 
below zero most mornings. This has forced many ranchers to 
recalculate hay needs as they are using much more hay than 
they calculated they would need. This additional buying has 
burnt through the surplus of hay in many valleys in just a 
few short weeks. Straw supplies are also near nil and with 
many ranchers in the middle of calving straw is in very high 
demand. Straw prices continue to push higher on light supplies.
Straw sold sharply higher in a light test. All prices are 
dollars per ton and FOB unless otherwise noted.

  Alfalfa:    Supreme:  Small squares, 200.00-250.00
                        Large squares, NA
              Premium:  Large squares, 150.00
                        Large rounds,  140.00-160.00 
                        Small squares, 180.00
              Good:     Large squares, 140.00-150.00       
                        Large rounds,  140.00-155.00
                        Small squares, NA
              Fair:     Large squares, 125.00-150.00
                        Large rounds,  130.00-150.00 
                        Small Squares, NA
              Utility   Large rounds,  NA
                        Large squares, NA   

Grass/Alfalfa:Premium:  Small squares, NA
              Good:     Large rounds,  NA     
                        Small squares, 130.00-150.00
              Fair:     Large squares, NA
                        Large rounds,  120.00-150.00
              Utility:  Large rounds,  90.00

   Grass:     Premium   Large rounds,  NA
              Good:     Large squares, NA
                        Large rounds,  NA
              Fair:     Large squares, NA
                        Large rounds,  NA
              Utility:  Large rounds,  NA   

Grass:        Premium:  Small squares, 210.00-240.00
              Premium:  Large rounds,  NA
              Good:     Large rounds,  NA

Barley                  Large squares, 60.00-90.00
straw:                  Large rounds,  NA
                        Small squares, NA

Wheat straw:

South central Montana   Large squares, 75.00
Northern Montana        Large squares, 60.00-80.00
                        Large rounds,  60.00-80.00

Corn stalk:             Large rounds, 45.00-75.00
   Alfalfa guidelines (domestic livestock use and not more than 10 pct grass)
Quality     ADF     NDF      RFV    TDN-100pct   TDN-90pct     CP-100pct
Supreme     <27     <34     >185      >62         >55.9          >22
Premium    27-29   34-36   170-185   60.5-62     54.5-55.9      20-22
Good       29-32   36-40   150-170    58-60      52.5-54.5      18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44   130-150    56-58      50.5-52.5      16-18
Utility     >35     >44     <130      <56         <50.5          <16

   RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.  TDN calculated using the 
western formula.  Quantitative factors are approximate and many factors can 
affect feeding value.  Values based on 100pct dry matter.

Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding 
value.  Values based on 100% dry matter.  End usage may influence hay price 
or value more than testing results.
   Grass Hay guidelines
Quality    Crude Protein Percent
Premium          Over 13
Good               9-13
Fair               5- 9
Utility          Under 5

Source:  USDA Market News Service, Billings, MT
         John Kimbrell, Officer in Charge

1540m    jdk

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