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USDA IA & NE Hay                                   03/15 12:25
Kearney, NE    Thu Mar 15, 2018    USDA-NE Dept of Ag Market News

Nebraska Hay Summary - Week Ending March 16, 2018

  Compared to last week, alfalfa and grass hay sold steady. Ground and 
delivered hay and Dehy pellets steady.  Demand was good to very good 
across the state from large scale to small scale operators. Some ground 
and delivered sellers are getting short on stockpiled supplies and hope 
they will have enough old product to make it to first cutting alfalfa. 
Several contacts stated the last couple of weeks they are planning on 
planting forage oats or an additional pivot or two of alfalfa this 
spring.  Some producers have pulled out their rakes and balers and have 
started to bale cornstalks that will be shipped to feedlots for summer 
grinding needs. All sales are dollars per ton FOB the field or hay barn, 
unless otherwise noted. 

Eastern/Central Nebraska
Alfalfa: Supreme large square bales 200.00; Premium large square bales 
150.00-170.00; Good large square bales 130.00-150.00; fair large squares 
105.00-125.00. Good large round 90.00-95.00. Alfalfa/Orchard Grass: 
Premium large round bales 65.00 per bale.  Grass Hay: Fair large square 
bales 115.00. Good to Premium large round bales 85.00-100.00; Fair large 
round bales 60.00-70.00. Premium small square bales of grass hay 150.00. 
Brome hay in large round bales 75.00 per bale. Ground and delivered 
alfalfa 120.00. Dehy Alfalfa pellets 17 percent protein 230.00. 

Platte Valley area of Nebraska
Alfalfa: Good large round bales 90.00-105.00. Cornstalk bales 60.00-
65.00. Ground and delivered alfalfa 125.00-130.00, with some loads at 
135.00. Ground and delivered alfalfa/stover mix 115.00-120.00, few at 
125.00. Ground and delivered cornstalks 85.00-90.00. Dehy pellets 17 
percent protein 210.00. 

Western Nebraska
Alfalfa: Supreme large squares 185.00; Good to premium large square bales 
160.00. Straw in large square bales 65.00. Ground and delivered alfalfa 
150.00; Ground and delivered alfalfa/stover mix 135.00. Sun-cured alfalfa 
pellets 15 percent protein 225.00. 

Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
         than 10% grass)

 Quality     ADF     NDF      *RFV     **TDN-100%   **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme      <27     <34       >185        >62         >55.9     >22
Premium    27-29   34-36    170-185    60.5-62     54.5-55.9   20-22
Good       29-32   36-40    150-170      58-60     52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44    130-150      56-58     50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility      >35     >44       <130        <56         <50.5     <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100 % dy matter (TDN showing both 100% & 
90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of 
Sale (usage).
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines

         Quality            Crude Protein Percent
          Premium             Over 13
          Good                   9-13
          Fair                   5-9
          Low                Under 5
  Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence 
hay price or value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
   leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative 
         of a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of   

Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in 
         Legumes and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium  
         stems and free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
         Legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This 
         Category could include hay discounted due to excessive 
         damage and heavy weed content or mold. Defects will be 
         identified in market reports when using this category.

Source:  USDA NE Dept of Ag Market News Service, Kearney, NE 
         Tom Walthers, OIC Market Reporter (308) 390-5399

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