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USDA Texas Hay                                     08/17 09:00
Amarillo, TX       Fri, Aug 17, 2018    USDA Market News

Weekly Texas Hay Report 

   Compared to last report:  All hay classes traded mostly steady.  Trade 
was active on good demand.  The Panhandle has benefitted from afternoon 
thunderstorms and cooler temperatures but some fields have experienced 
hail damage.  Its that time of year in late summer where there is plenty 
of hay available but quality can be an issue.  Coastal Bermuda producers 
in the East and South report having hay available from last cutting and 
demand is high.  Prices for hay and pellets quoted per ton except where 

   The Texas Department of Agriculture has Hay and Grazing phone set 
up for Buyers and sellers looking for hay or grazing; the number is 1-
512-787-9966. The website for the hotline is:

Panhandle/High Plains:
Alfalfa: Large Squares: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 275.00-290.00;
               Good to Premium 250.00-275.00; Fair to Good 225.00-250.00.
               Small bales: FOB: 264.00, 8.00-per bale 
Ground Alfalfa: Delivered to feedlots: Avg 235.00-240.00. 
                                       Calf 245.00.
Wheat Hay: Large Bales: Delivered: 170.00-190.00.
 Small Bales: Delivered: 6.00 per bale. 
Coastal Bermuda: Large Bales: Delivered: Premium 240.00-250.00; Fair to 
Good 165.00-180.00.
Small Bales: FOB: Good to Premium 8.00 per bale.
Hay Grazer: Large Bales: Delivered: 170.00-180.00.
Rye: Large Bales: Delivered: 180.00.
Bluestem: Large Bales: Delivered: 90.00.
Cotton Burrs: Ground and Delivered: 70.00-90.00.
Whole Cotton Seed: Delivered: 197.00.
Oat Rounds: Delivered: 180.00.
Far West Texas/Trans Pecos: 
   Alfalfa: Small Squares: Delivered local or FOB: Premium to Supreme
     290.00-360.00, 8.75-11.00 per bale.
 Large Squares: FOB: Premium to Supreme 250.00-290.00; Fair to 
Good 220.00.
   Wheat: Large Bales: FOB: Premium 90.00-100.00 per bale. 
North, Central, and East Texas:
   Alfalfa: Large Squares: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 290.00-310.00;
   Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium 231.00-297.00, 
7.00-9.00 per bale; Fair to Good 198.00, 6.00 per bale.
   Large Rounds: FOB: Good to Premium 120.00-180.00, 60.00-90.00 
per roll; Fair to Good 100.00-120.00, 50.00-60.00 per bale.
South Texas:
   Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium 231.00-264.00, 
7.00-8.00 per bale; Fair to Good 165.00-198.00, 5.00-6.00 per 
 Large Rounds: FOB and delivered locally: Good to Premium 
120.00-170.00, 60.00-85.00 per roll; Fair to Good 70.00-
120.00, 35.00-60.00 per roll. 
   Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more 
than 10% grass)
Quality       ADF     NDF     *RFV     **TDN-100%     **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme       <27     <34     >185        >62           >55.9      >22
Premium      27-29   34-36   170-185    60.5-62       54.5-55.9   20-22
Good         29-32   36-40   150-170      58-60       52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair         32-35   40-44   130-150      56-58       50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility       >35     >44     <130         <56          <50.5      <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula. 
**TDN calculated using the western formula.  Quantitative factors are 
approximate, and many factors can affect feeding value. Values based on 
100% dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 90%).  Guidelines are to be used 
with visual appearance and intent of sale (usage).

  Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium             Over 13
Good                 9-13
Fair                 5-9
Utility             Under 5

Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding 
value.  Values based on 100% dry matter.  End usage may influence hay 
price or value more than testing results. 

Hay Quality Designation's physical descriptions: 
   Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
leafy. Factors indicative of very high nutritive content.  Hay is 
excellent color and free of damage.
   Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in 
grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of a high 
nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.  
   Good: Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes 
and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed, free of 
damage other than slight discoloration. 
   Fair: Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in grass 
hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally coarse stemmed. Hay 
may show light damage. 
   Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed.  This category 
could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy weed 
content or mold.  Defects will be identified in market reports when using 
this category.

Source:  USDA Market News Service, Amarillo, TX
         Lana Hutto, Market Reporter 806-356-5785      
0900c     ldh

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