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USDA IA & NE Hay                                   02/14 11:55
Kearney, NE    Thu Feb 14, 2019    USDA-NE Dept of Ag Market News

Nebraska Hay Summary - Week Ending February 15, 2019

  Compared to last week alfalfa hay, grass hay, ground and delivered hay 
and Dehy pellets sold steady. Demand was light to moderate, instances 
good. Several contacts in the eastern side of the state mentioned more 
buyer inquiry from Missouri, Kansas and Oklahoma buyers that were 
affected from the very dry conditions last summer. Some cattlemen are 
starting to count bales in their stack yards and are starting to procure 
one or two loads and hoping that will get them buy till spring. A lot, of 
hay has been fed this winter, maybe a tick more than normal due to all of 
the cold days across the state. With cows consuming 30-40 lbs per head 
per day it doesnt take long feed several tons of hay in a short time.  
All sales are dollars per ton FOB the field or hay barn, unless otherwise 

Eastern/Central Nebraska
Alfalfa: Premium large square bales 180.00, Fair large squares 100.00. 
Good large rounds 95.00-105.00, 130.00-140.00 delivered. Grass Hay: 
Premium large rounds 100.00-105.00; Good large rounds 80.00-90.00. 
Premium small squares 160.00-170.00. Brome grass: Good small squares 7.50 
per bale. Oat hay in large rounds 90.00. Straw in large squares 80.00.  
Cane in large rounds 75.00; Cornstalks in large rounds 52.50-55.00.  Dehy 
Alfalfa pellets 17 percent protein 290.00. Sun-cured alfalfa pellets 17 
percent protein 270.00, 15 percent protein 250.00. 

Platte Valley area of Nebraska
Alfalfa: Good large square bales 140.00. Good large round bales 100.00-
110.00. Cane in large rounds 75.00-80.00. Cornstalk bales 60.00-65.00. 
Ground and delivered alfalfa 140.00-145.00. Ground and delivered alfalfa-
stubble mix 130.00-135.00. Ground and delivered cornstalks 95.00-110.00. 
Dehy Alfalfa pellets 17 percent protein 230.00. Sun-cured alfalfa pellets 
15 percent of better at 210.00. 

Western Nebraska
Alfalfa: Premium large squares 175.00-180.00; Good large squares 160.00. 
Good large rounds 132.50. Grass: Premium large squares 230.00. Straw in 
large squares 80.00. Ground and delivered alfalfa 150.00-155.00. Sun-
cured alfalfa pellets 15 percent protein 235.00.  

Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
         than 10% grass)

 Quality     ADF     NDF      *RFV     **TDN-100%   **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme      <27     <34       >185        >62         >55.9     >22
Premium    27-29   34-36    170-185    60.5-62     54.5-55.9   20-22
Good       29-32   36-40    150-170      58-60     52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44    130-150      56-58     50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility      >35     >44       <130        <56         <50.5     <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100 % dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 
90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of 
Sale (usage).
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines

         Quality            Crude Protein Percent
          Premium             Over 13
          Good                   9-13
          Fair                   5-9
          Low                Under 5

  Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence 
hay price or value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
   leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative 
         of a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of   

Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in 
         Legumes and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium  
         stems and free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
         Legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This 
         Category could include hay discounted due to excessive 
         damage and heavy weed content or mold. Defects will be 
         identified in market reports when using this category.

Source:  USDA NE Dept of Ag Market News Service, Kearney, NE 
         Thomas Walthers, OIC (308) 390-5399

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