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USDA Washington & Oregon Hay                       07/12 11:20
Moses Lake, WA    Fri July 12, 2019    USDA Market News           

Washington-Oregon (Columbia Basin) Weekly Hay Report 

Tons:  10,490    Last Week:  22,350    Last Year:  15,282        

   Compared to last Friday, All grades of Alfalfa and Timothy steady. Higher 
grades of Timothy not reported this week. Buyers are committing to Timothy hay 
purchases but not committing to a price until it ships. Trade moderate to 
this week as export and domestic buyers remain active. Demand remains good. 
cuber hay is being hauled out right away while press hay is being wrapped for 
take out. Retail/Feed store firm.   All prices are dollars per ton and FOB the 
or ranch unless otherwise stated. Delivered prices include freight, commissions 
other expenses.

                     Tons       Price       Wt. Avg    Comments
    Mid Square                                                       
      Premium        2000   195.00-200.00   197.50     Export        
      Good           3700   180.00-185.00   181.55     Export 
                     1000   180.00-180.00   180.00     Tarped        
                      450   197.00-197.00   197.00 Del Export        
      Fair            600   185.00-190.00   186.67     Export        

    Small Square                                                     
      Premium         200   240.00-240.00   240.00     Retail/Stable 

  Timothy Grass                                                      
    Mid Square                                                       
      Good            300   230.00-230.00   230.00     Export        
      Fair            210   150.00-150.00   150.00 Del Export        

  Timothy Grass                                                      
    Small Square                                                     
      Premium          30   270.00-270.00   270.00     Retail/Stable 

    Mid Square                                                       
      Utility        2000     30.00-30.00    30.00     Export        

  Alfalfa hay test guidelines, (for domestic livestock use and not more than 
grass), used with visual appearance and intent of sale Quantitative factors are 
approximate and many factors can affect feeding value.                   
             ADF     NDF     RFV     TDN-100%    TDN-90%   CP-100%             
 Supreme     <27     <34     >185      >62       >55.9       >22               
 Premium    27-29   34-36   170-185   60.5-62   54.5-55.9   20-22              
 Good       29-32   36-40   150-170    58-60    52.5-54.5   18-20              
 Fair       32-35   40-44   130-150    56-58    50.5-52.5   16-18              
 Utility     >35     >44     <130      <56       <50.5       <16               
   RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.  TDN calculated using the        
western formula. Values based on 100% dry matter, TDN both 90% and 100%. 

   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding 
Value.  Values based on 100 pct. dry matter.  End usage may influence hay price 
value more than testing results. 

   ADF = Acid Detergent Fiber; NDF = Neutral Detergent Fiber; RFV = 
Relative Feed Value; TDN = Total Digestible nutrients. 

   Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium            Over 13
Good                  9-13
Fair                   5-9
Utility            Under 5

Contracted price - Price and conditions of sale agreed upon when buyer and 
Seller negotiates a transaction.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
         leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
         a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.
Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
         and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
         free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
         or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
         could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
         weed content or mold.
Source: USDA Market News, Moses Lake, WA.  
        Greg Sanders 509-393-1343
0900p   gds  rlc

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