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USDA Washington & Oregon Hay                       02/15 11:15
Moses Lake, WA    Fri Feb 15, 2019    USDA Market News 

Washington-Oregon (Columbia Basin) Weekly Hay Report 

Tons:  275    Last Week:  975    Last Year:  2865 

   Compared to last Friday, Domestic and Export Alfalfa firm in a light test. 
Trade slow. Inclement weather conditions affecting movement in the trade area. 
Dairies are forced to dump milk due to the passes to the west side being closed 
most of this past week and processors not being able to ship product due to 
inclement weather conditions. Exporters are also facing the same dilemma with 
shipping hay containers to the port. High death losses and other injuries 
in dairy cows and baby calves. Demand excellent as remaining supplies are in 
hands. Retail/Feed store steady.  All prices are dollars per ton and FOB the 
or ranch unless otherwise stated. Delivered prices include freight, commissions 
other expenses.  

                     Tons      Price      Wt. Avg    Comments
    Small Square                                                       
      Premium         100  250.00-250.00  250.00     Export            

  Orchard Grass                                                        
    Small Square                                                       
      Premium         175  250.00-250.00  250.00     Retail/Stable

  Alfalfa hay test guidelines, (for domestic livestock use and not more than 
grass), used with visual appearance and intent of sale Quantitative factors are 
approximate and many factors can affect feeding value.               
             ADF     NDF     RFV     TDN-100%    TDN-90%   CP-100%        
 Supreme     <27     <34     >185      >62       >55.9       >22          
 Premium    27-29   34-36   170-185   60.5-62   54.5-55.9   20-22         
 Good       29-32   36-40   150-170    58-60    52.5-54.5   18-20         
 Fair       32-35   40-44   130-150    56-58    50.5-52.5   16-18         
 Utility     >35     >44     <130      <56       <50.5       <16          
   RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.  TDN calculated using the  
western formula. Values based on 100% dry matter, TDN both 90% and 100%. 

   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding 
Value.  Values based on 100 pct. dry matter.  End usage may influence hay price 
or value more than testing results. 

   ADF = Acid Detergent Fiber; NDF = Neutral Detergent Fiber; RFV = 
Relative Feed Value; TDN = Total Digestible nutrients. 

   Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium            Over 13
Good                  9-13
Fair                   5-9
Utility            Under 5

Contracted price - Price and conditions of sale agreed upon when buyer and 
Seller negotiates a transaction.
Source: USDA Market News, Moses Lake, WA.  
        Greg Sanders 509-393-1343
0900p   gds   rlc

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