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USDA South Dakota Hay                              02/23 14:20
Sioux Falls, SD    Fri Feb 23, 2018    USDA-SD Dept of Ag Market News

South Dakota Weekly Hay Summary 
All prices per ton, unless noted, FOB the stack.

   Compared to last week:  All classes of hay remain steady.
Light reported volume as demand only moderate this week.  More demand
from West River than East River but freight costs are limiting what
cattle producers can pay.  More inquiry reported from West River as
hay supplies are much more limited.  Dairy operations are struggling
with low milk prices and are looking for ways to reduce their feed
expenses.  Snow moved into the area this week but many areas of South
Dakota have had a very open winter which has allowed cattle producers to
stretch their hay supplies.  All hay and straw sold by the ton FOB,
unless otherwise noted. 

East River:
   Alfalfa:  Supreme:  Small Squares, 210.00.  Premium:  Large Rounds,
150.00.  Good to Premium:  Large Squares, 140.00.  Fair:  Large
Squares, 120.00; Large Rounds, 115.00-130.00.

   Sun-cured Alfalfa pellets:  15 pct 175.00; 17 pct 180.00.  Alfalfa
Meal:  17 pct 185.00.

   Alfalfa/Grass Mix:  Premium:  Large Rounds, 135.00.

   Grass:  Good to Premium: Large Rounds, 125.00.  

   Wheat Straw:  Large Squares, 110.00.  Large Rounds, 90.00.

   Cornstalks:  Large Rounds, 45.00, 50.00 del short haul.

West River:
   Alfalfa/Grass Mix:  Premium:  Large Rounds, 200.00 Del.

   Grass:  Good to Premium, Large Rounds, 165.00 Del.

  Alfalfa guidelines (domestic livestock use and not more than 10 pct 

Quality       ADF      NDF       RFV       TDN-100 pct   TDN-90 pct   CP
Supreme       <27      <34      >185         >62          >55.9       >22
Premium      27-29    34-36    170-185    60.5-62        54.5-55.9  20-22
Good         29-32    36-40    150-170      58-60        52.5-54.5  18-20
Fair         32-35    40-44    130-150      56-58        50.5-52.5  16-18
Utility       >35      >44      <130         <56          <50.5       <16

  RFV calculated using the WI/MN formula.  TDN calculated using the 
western formula.  Quantitative factors are approximate and many factors
can affect feeding value.  Values based on 100 pct dry matter.
Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding
value.  Values based on 100 pct dry matter.  End usage may influence hay
price or value more than testing results. 

  Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium            Over 13
Good                  9-13
Fair                   5-9
Utility            Under 5

Source:  USDA-SD Dept of Ag Market News, Sioux Falls, SD
         Justin Lumpkin, Officer in Charge 605-372-8350 

1400c    jll

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