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USDA California Hay                                08/10 11:25
ML_GR311   
Greeley, CO   Fri August 03, 2018   USDA - CO Dept of Ag Market News

California Hay Report

  Compared to last week: All classes traded steady with very good demand.  
According to the NASS California Crop Progress report 7/30/18, as high pressure 
aloft began to become dominant over the southwestern United States, hot and dry 
conditions spread throughout the state. Temperatures saw a drastic rise across 
southern California, in which temperatures either tied or surpassed daily 
records. In the early part of the week, the higher elevations in north west 
California and southern Sierras had isolated showers and thunderstorms 
respectively. Over the weekend, temperatures began to gradually cool as the 
high 
pressure aloft began to weaken.  Temperature highs ranged from the lower 60s to 
mid 100s in the mountains, mid 70s to upper 100s along the coast, mid 80s to 
upper 90s in the Sierras, lower 100s to lower 110s in the valley, and mid 100s 
to lower 120s in the desert. Temperatures lows ranged from the lower 40s to 
upper 60s in the Sierras, lower 50s to upper 50s in the mountains, lower 50s to 
upper 60s along the coast, upper 50s to upper 70s in the valley, and lower 60s 
to upper 80s in the desert.  Rice was being treated for armyworm in Tulare 
County. Rice was progressing well in the Sacramento Valley. Sunflower were 
being 
treated for head moth, safflower was fully bloomed, and wheat harvest was 
nearly 
finished. Sunflower in Sutter County began to defoliate. Hay is reported FOB 
the 
stack or barn unless otherwise noted.  Regions are defined at bottom of report. 

Tons:  9985    Last Week:  5625    Last Year:  13,846                          

Region 1: North Inter-Mountain:                                                
                             Tons   Price Range   Wtd Avg    Comments          
  Alfalfa                                                                      
      Premium                 200  220.00-220.00  220.00     Retail/Stable     
      Good/Premium            200  180.00-180.00  180.00     Retail/Stable     
  Timothy Grass                                                                
      Premium                 150  340.00-340.00  340.00     Retail/Stable     
  Oat                                                                          
      Good                    250  120.00-120.00  120.00     Retail/Stable     

Region 2: Sacramento Valley:                                                   
                             Tons   Price Range   Wtd Avg    Comments          
  Alfalfa                                                                      
      Premium                 200  240.00-240.00  240.00                       
                              150  240.00-260.00  253.33     Retail/Stable     
      Good                    310  165.00-170.00  168.23                       
      Fair/Good               800  180.00-180.00  180.00                       
                               50  160.00-160.00  160.00 Del                   

  Alfalfa/Orchard Mix                                                          
      Premium                  50  270.00-270.00  270.00     Retail/Stable     
  Orchard Grass                                                                
      Good                     50  200.00-200.00  200.00     Retail/Stable     
  Oat                                                                          
      Premium                  50  108.00-108.00  108.00     Stable     
      Good                     25  130.00-130.00  130.00                       
  Rice Straw                                                                   
      Good                   1000   91.00-91.00    91.00     Retail/Stable     

Region 3: Northern San Joaquin Valley:                                         
                             Tons   Price Range   Wtd Avg    Comments          
  Alfalfa                                                                      
      Fair/Good              1150  165.00-175.00  172.83                       
                              200  190.00-190.00  190.00 Del                   
  Wheat                                                                        
      Good                    200  120.00-120.00  120.00                       

Region 4: Central San Joaquin Valley:                                          
                             Tons   Price Range   Wtd Avg    Comments          
  Alfalfa                                                                      
      Premium                 400  210.00-210.00  210.00                       
      Fair/Good               200  190.00-190.00  190.00                       

Region 5: Southern California:                                                 
                             Tons   Price Range   Wtd Avg    Comments          
  Alfalfa                                                                      
      Premium                 150  265.00-265.00  265.00     Retail/Stable     
  Forage Mix-Three Way                                                         
      Good                     50  265.00-265.00  265.00     Retail/Stable     

Region 6: Southeast California:                                                
                             Tons   Price Range   Wtd Avg    Comments          
  Alfalfa                                                                      
      Good                    400  180.00-180.00  180.00                       
                             1250  175.00-185.00  179.00     Export            
      Fair/Good              1000  160.00-160.00  160.00                       
      Fair                    500  150.00-150.00  150.00     Rain Damage       
  Teff                                                                         
      Premium                1000  220.00-220.00  220.00                       

The following are the counties included in each region:                        
Region 1: Siskiyou, Modoc, Shasta, Lassen, and Plumas.                         
Region 2: Tehama, Glenn, Butte, Colusa, Sutter, Yuba, Sierra, Nevada, Placer,  
          Yolo, El Dorado, Solano, Sacramento, Amador, and Alpine.             
Region 3: San Joaquin, Calaveras, Stanislaus, Tuolumne, Mono, Merced, Mariposa.
Region 4: Madera, Fresno, Kings, Tulare, and Inyo.                             
Region 5: Kern, Northeast Los Angeles, and Western San Bernardino.             
Region 6: Eastern San Bernardino, Riverside, and Imperial.                     

Alfalfa hay test guidelines, (for domestic livestock use and not more than 10% 
grass, used with visual appearance and intent of sale Quantitative factors are 
approximate and many factors can affect feeding value.

             ADF     NDF     RFV     TDN-100%    TDN-90%   CP-100%
 Supreme     <27     <34     >185      >62       >55.9       >22
 Premium    27-29   34-36   170-185   60.5-62   54.5-55.9   20-22
 Good       29-32   36-40   150-170    58-60    52.5-54.5   18-20
 Fair       32-35   40-44   130-150    56-58    50.5-52.5   16-18
 Utility     >35     >44     <130      <56       <50.5       <16

ADF = Acid Detergent Fiber; NDF = Neutral Detergent Fiber; RFV = Relative Feed 
Value; TDN = Total Digestible nutrients. RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn 
formula.  TDN calculated using the western formula. Values based on 100% dry 
matter, TDN both 90% and 100%.

Source:  USDA-CO Dept of Ag Market News Service, Greeley, CO
         Jonathan Gittlein and Greg Sanders
         Greeley.LPGMN@ams.usda.gov 970-353-9750               
         www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/ML_GR311.txt
         http://marketnews.usda.gov/portal/lg

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