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USDA California Hay                                10/19 11:05
Greeley, CO   Fri October 19, 2018   USDA - CO Dept of Ag Market News

California Hay Report

  Compared to last week: All classes traded steady with moderate demand.  This 
time last year in region 6; dry cow hay was bringing 115.00-120.00.  According 
to the NASS Crop Progress Report October 15, 2018, high pressure aloft brought 
about dry and warm conditions across much of the state at the start of the 
A cooling trend developed at midweek. This brought temperatures to rest at 
normal levels for most areas. Light showers were reported over the higher 
elevations of the southern Sierras on Wednesday and Thursday. By the weekend, a 
warming trend became established as high pressure began to develop over the 
area. This brought temperatures to rise to slightly above normal levels.  
Temperature highs ranged from the upper 60s to lower 70s in the Sierras, upper 
60s to upper 80s in the mountains, lower 70s upper 80s along the coast, upper 
70s to upper 80s in the desert, and lower 80s to lower 90s in Central Valley. 
Temperature lows ranged from the lower 20s to lower 40s in the Sierras, upper 
30s to lower 60s in the desert, lower 40s to upper 40s in the mountains, lower 
40s to mid 50s in the Central Valley, and lower 40s to lower 60s along the 
coast.  In the Sacramento Valley, rice, safflower, and corn harvest continued. 
Sunflower, beans, and rice continued to be harvested in Sutter County. In 
County, cotton harvest continued, alfalfa was cut and baled, and corn and 
sorghum were harvested for silage.  Hay is reported FOB the stack or barn 
otherwise noted.  Regions are defined at bottom of report. 

Tons:  5270    Last Week:  6527    Last Year:  10,306                          

Region 1: North Inter-Mountain:                                                
                             Tons   Price Range   Wtd Avg    Comments          
      Supreme                  50  210.00-210.00  210.00                       
                             1000  215.00-215.00  215.00     Contracted        
      Premium/Supreme         600  180.00-180.00  180.00     Contracted        
      Fair/Good               200  125.00-125.00  125.00                       
  Wheat Straw                                                                  
      Good                    750   50.00-50.00    50.00                       

Region 2: Sacramento Valley:                                                   
                             Tons   Price Range   Wtd Avg    Comments          
      Good                    100  190.00-190.00  190.00                       

Region 3: Northern San Joaquin Valley:                                         
                             Tons   Price Range   Wtd Avg    Comments          
      Premium/Supreme         200  260.00-260.00  260.00                       
                              600  230.00-230.00  230.00 Del Contracted        
      Premium                  25  220.00-220.00  220.00 Del                   
      Fair/Good               350  170.00-170.00  170.00                       
  Orchard Grass                                                                
      Good                    200  200.00-200.00  200.00     Retail/Stable     
      Good                    150  130.00-130.00  130.00                       
      Good                    520   70.00-70.00    70.00                       
  Wheat Straw                                                                  
      Good                     50   80.00-80.00    80.00                       

Region 4: Central San Joaquin Valley: No New Sales Confirmed.

Region 5: Southern California:                                                 
                             Tons   Price Range   Wtd Avg    Comments          
      Premium                 150  265.00-265.00  265.00     Retail/Stable     
  Forage Mix-Three Way                                                         
      Good                     25  260.00-260.00  260.00     Retail/Stable     

Region 6: Southeast California:                                                
                             Tons   Price Range   Wtd Avg    Comments          
      Premium                 100  215.00-215.00  215.00     Export            
      Fair/Good               200  170.00-180.00  175.00                       

The following are the counties included in each region:                        
Region 1: Siskiyou, Modoc, Shasta, Lassen, and Plumas.                         
Region 2: Tehama, Glenn, Butte, Colusa, Sutter, Yuba, Sierra, Nevada, Placer,  
          Yolo, El Dorado, Solano, Sacramento, Amador, and Alpine.             
Region 3: San Joaquin, Calaveras, Stanislaus, Tuolumne, Mono, Merced, Mariposa.
Region 4: Madera, Fresno, Kings, Tulare, and Inyo.                             
Region 5: Kern, Northeast Los Angeles, and Western San Bernardino.             
Region 6: Eastern San Bernardino, Riverside, and Imperial.                     

Alfalfa hay test guidelines, (for domestic livestock use and not more than 10% 
grass, used with visual appearance and intent of sale Quantitative factors are 
approximate and many factors can affect feeding value.

             ADF     NDF     RFV     TDN-100%    TDN-90%   CP-100%
 Supreme     <27     <34     >185      >62       >55.9       >22
 Premium    27-29   34-36   170-185   60.5-62   54.5-55.9   20-22
 Good       29-32   36-40   150-170    58-60    52.5-54.5   18-20
 Fair       32-35   40-44   130-150    56-58    50.5-52.5   16-18
 Utility     >35     >44     <130      <56       <50.5       <16

ADF = Acid Detergent Fiber; NDF = Neutral Detergent Fiber; RFV = Relative Feed 
Value; TDN = Total Digestible nutrients. RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn 
formula.  TDN calculated using the western formula. Values based on 100% dry 
matter, TDN both 90% and 100%.

Source:  USDA-CO Dept of Ag Market News Service, Greeley, CO
         Jonathan Gittlein and Greg Sanders 970-353-9750               

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